Top 6 Common Mistakes Teens Make When Treating Acne

Top 6 Common Mistakes Teens Make When Treating Acne

Acne is a common skin condition that affects millions of teenagers worldwide. While there are numerous treatments available, many teens inadvertently make mistakes that can worsen their condition or prolong the healing process. Understanding these mistakes is crucial for effective acne management and achieving clearer, healthier skin.

In this article, we will delve into the top six common mistakes teens make when treating acne and provide insights on how to avoid them.

1. Over-washing the face

One of the most prevalent mistakes teens make when dealing with acne is over-washing their faces. While it’s essential to keep the skin clean, excessive washing can strip away natural oils, leading to dryness and irritation. Moreover, aggressive scrubbing can exacerbate inflammation and trigger more breakouts. Instead, opt for a gentle cleanser and wash your face no more than twice a day, using a soft cloth or your hands.

2. Picking or popping pimples

The urge to pick or pop pimples is often irresistible for many teens, but it’s a habit that can cause significant harm to the skin. Picking at acne lesions can introduce bacteria, leading to infection and potential scarring. Additionally, squeezing pimples can push bacteria and debris deeper into the skin, worsening inflammation and prolonging healing time. Instead, allow pimples to heal naturally or seek professional help from a dermatologist.

3. Not using non-comedogenic products

Teenagers often experiment with various skin care regimes and makeup products without considering their comedogenicity, or the likelihood of clogging pores. Using non-comedogenic or oil-free products is crucial for acne-prone skin as it reduces the risk of pore blockage and breakouts. Before purchasing any skincare or makeup items, check the labels for terms like “non-comedogenic” or “oil-free” to ensure they won’t exacerbate acne.

4. Skipping moisturiser

Many teens mistakenly believe that moisturisers are unnecessary for oily or acne-prone skin and fear that they will worsen breakouts. However, skipping moisturiser can lead to dryness and irritation, prompting the skin to produce even more oil to compensate. Instead of forgoing moisturiser altogether, choose a lightweight, oil-free formula designed for acne-prone skin. Proper hydration is essential for maintaining a healthy skin barrier and preventing excess oil production.

5. Using harsh acne treatments

In their eagerness to clear acne quickly, some teens resort to harsh over-the-counter or prescription acne treatments that contain high concentrations of active ingredients like benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. While these ingredients can be effective in treating acne, using them excessively or inappropriately can lead to dryness, redness, and irritation. Start with a lower concentration and gradually increase as tolerated to minimise side effects.

6. Failing to seek professional help

Many teenagers try to manage their acne independently without seeking guidance from a dermatologist or skin care professional. While mild acne can often be effectively treated with over-the-counter products, moderate to severe acne may require prescription medications or specialised treatments. Consulting a dermatologist ensures personalised treatment recommendations tailored to your specific skin type and condition, improving the chances of successful acne management.


Effectively managing acne requires knowledge, patience, and a commitment to healthy skincare habits. By avoiding common mistakes such as over-washing, picking pimples, using comedogenic products, skipping moisturisers, relying on harsh treatments, and neglecting professional guidance, teens can achieve clearer, healthier skin. For advanced acne scar removal treatment or cystic acne treatment, consider consulting the experts at APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic. Our comprehensive range of services, including acne treatments, cosmetic dermatology, and skin surgery, can help you achieve the clear, radiant skin you deserve. Take the first step towards a blemish-free complexion today.

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APAX Medical Introduces Cutting-Edge ADVATx Laser For Skin Rejuvenation

APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic is proud to announce the introduction of the ADVATx laser treatment by Advalight in their offerings – a revolutionary laser system that targets both active acne and acne scars simultaneously. This innovative solution utilises two laser wavelengths, offering a unique and comprehensive approach to dermatological care. Set to launch on 1 March 2024, the Advalight treatment is a game-changer for individuals seeking advanced and effective acne and acne scar removal treatment in Singapore.

The ADVATx laser treatment sets itself apart by addressing the dual challenge of active acne and acne scars in a single procedure. By targeting inflammation, sebaceous glands, and acne scars concurrently, this cutting-edge therapy provides a more holistic solution compared to traditional approaches. Not only does it excel in acne management, post acne redness, pigmentation and scarring, but it also extends its efficacy to treat conditions like rosacea, melasma, red or hypertrophic scars, and broken capillaries.

Acknowledging the challenges associated with acne relapse, APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic emphasises the importance of maintenance therapy with topical retinoids. Early intervention is crucial to preventing potential scarring and enhancing the overall quality of life for patients. The ADVATx laser treatment aligns with APAX Medical’s commitment to comprehensive skincare, addressing challenges head-on to deliver optimal results.

Studies have found that acne scarring affects up to 95% of patients with acne, and is severe in 30% of cases, leading to long-term effects like poor self-esteem, anxiety, depression, and social impairment, emphasising the importance of treating active acne and acne scars concurrently to reduce disease burden and potential scarring. Recognising this need, ADVATx laser treatment is APAX Medical’s latest addition to an impressive portfolio of services. APAX Medical’s commitment to advancing skincare solutions, including treatment for cystic acne, acne scars, hormonal acne, back acne and more, is reflected in its history of delivering exceptional results and building a diverse client portfolio.

APAX Medical’s unveiling of the ADVATx laser treatment marks a significant milestone in the management of acne and acne scars. With a rich history of excellence, APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic addresses acne comprehensively and aims to position itself as a leader in providing cutting-edge solutions for skincare.

An In-depth Guide To Getting Rid Of Dark Eye Circles

An In-depth Guide To Getting Rid Of Dark Eye Circles

Dark eye circles, also known as periorbital hyperpigmentation, can be a pesky cosmetic concern for many individuals. Whether caused by genetics, ageing, lifestyle factors, or underlying health issues, these darkened areas under the eyes can make you appear tired, aged, or even unwell. While getting rid of dark eye circles entirely may not always be possible, there are numerous strategies and treatments available to significantly reduce their appearance and boost your confidence.

Understanding dark eye circles

Before delving into treatment options, it is essential to understand what causes dark eye circles. These can be broadly categorised into two types: pigmented dark circles and vascular dark circles.

Pigmented dark circles are primarily caused by excess melanin production, leading to hyperpigmentation in the delicate skin under the eyes. This type of discolouration is often influenced by genetics, sun exposure, hormonal changes, and ethnicity.

On the other hand, vascular dark circles result from blood vessels beneath the thin skin around the eyes becoming more visible. Factors such as ageing, thinning skin, lack of sleep, dehydration, and poor circulation can exacerbate the appearance of these dark circles.

Preventive measures

While some causes of dark eye circles are beyond our control, adopting certain preventive measures can help minimise their occurrence:

  • Protect your skin

Shield your under-eye area from harmful UV rays by wearing sunscreen and sunglasses when outdoors.

  • Hydrate

Stay adequately hydrated to maintain skin elasticity and prevent the thinning of the delicate skin around the eyes.

  • Get sufficient sleep

Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night to avoid tired-looking eyes and puffiness.

  • Healthy lifestyle

Incorporate a balanced diet rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals to support skin health and overall well-being.

  • Manage stress

Practice stress-relief techniques like meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises to prevent the exacerbation of dark eye circles.

Treatment options

When preventive measures alone aren’t sufficient, several treatment options are available to address dark eye circles:

  • Topical creams

Over-the-counter or prescription-strength creams containing ingredients like retinol, vitamin C, hydroquinone, or kojic acid can help lighten pigmented dark circles and improve skin texture.

  • Chemical peels

Dermatologists may recommend chemical peels to exfoliate the top layers of skin, promoting cell turnover and reducing hyperpigmentation.

  • Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) Therapy

IPL therapy targets melanin and haemoglobin in the skin, effectively reducing both pigmented and vascular dark circles.

  • Dermal fillers

Hyaluronic acid fillers can be strategically injected to volumize the under-eye area, diminishing the appearance of hollows and shadows.

  • Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy

PRP therapy utilises the healing properties of platelets to stimulate collagen production and rejuvenate the under-eye skin.

  • Laser treatments

Fractional laser resurfacing and other laser therapies can improve skin texture, stimulate collagen synthesis, and reduce pigmentation.

  • Microneedling

This minimally invasive procedure involves creating tiny punctures in the skin to stimulate collagen production and enhance the absorption of topical treatments.

  • Surgical options

In severe cases or when other treatments have been ineffective, surgical procedures like blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery) can address underlying issues causing dark eye circles.


Dark eye circles can be a source of frustration for many individuals, impacting self-esteem and overall appearance. However, with the plethora of treatment options available today, achieving a brighter, more youthful-looking under-eye area is attainable. Whether you opt for topical treatments, minimally invasive procedures, or more advanced interventions, consulting with a qualified dermatologist or medical professional is crucial to determine the most suitable approach for your unique concerns. Don’t let dark eye circles dim your confidence—take the first step towards rejuvenated skin and radiant eyes today!

Are you ready to bid farewell to dark eye circles and unveil a revitalised appearance? Consult the experts at APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic for personalised treatment plans tailored to your skincare needs. From dark eye circle rejuvenation to hyperhidrosis treatment and acne scar removal treatment in Singapore, APAX Medical offers comprehensive solutions to enhance your natural beauty. Book your appointment now and embark on your journey to radiant, youthful-looking skin!

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Daily Skin Care Regime: Tips To Avoid Worsening Cystic Acne

Daily Skin Care Regime: Tips To Avoid Worsening Cystic Acne

Cystic acne can be an excruciatingly painful and confidence-diminishing condition. Unlike typical acne, which affects the superficial layers of the skin, cystic acne occurs deeper within the skin tissue. This makes it notoriously difficult to treat and manage. However, with a consistent and targeted daily skincare regime, you can alleviate symptoms and prevent further aggravation of this stubborn condition.

Understanding cystic acne

Before delving into skincare tips, it’s crucial to understand what cystic acne is and what causes it. Cystic acne is characterised by large, inflamed, and deep-seated breakouts that often resemble boils. These cysts develop when pores become clogged with excess oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. Hormonal fluctuations, genetics, stress, and certain medications can all contribute to the development of cystic acne.

Gentle cleansing

The foundation of any effective skincare regime is proper cleansing. However, when dealing with cystic acne, it’s essential to use gentle, non-abrasive cleansers. Harsh cleansers can strip the skin of its natural oils, leading to increased oil production and further breakouts. Opt for a mild, fragrance-free cleanser that is specifically formulated for acne-prone skin. Gently massage the cleanser onto damp skin using your fingertips, then rinse thoroughly with lukewarm water.

Exfoliation with caution

While exfoliation is beneficial for removing dead skin cells and preventing clogged pores, it’s crucial to approach it with caution when dealing with cystic acne. Abrasive exfoliants can irritate inflamed skin and exacerbate breakouts. Instead, choose a gentle exfoliating scrub or chemical exfoliant containing ingredients like salicylic acid or glycolic acid. Limit exfoliation to once or twice a week to avoid overstimulating the skin.

Hydration is key

Many people with acne-prone skin believe that moisturisers will only worsen their breakouts. However, properly hydrated skin is better equipped to defend against external aggressors and maintain its natural barrier function. Look for oil-free, non-comedogenic moisturisers that won’t clog pores or exacerbate acne. Ingredients like hyaluronic acid and niacinamide can help hydrate the skin without adding excess oil.

Spot treatment

When dealing with stubborn cystic acne, spot treatments can be a lifesaver. Look for over-the-counter treatments for cystic acne containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or sulphur, which can help reduce inflammation and kill acne-causing bacteria. Apply a thin layer of spot treatment directly onto active breakouts, being careful to avoid surrounding skin to prevent dryness and irritation.

Sun protection

Sun exposure can worsen inflammation and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation associated with cystic acne. Therefore, it’s essential to protect your skin from harmful UV rays by wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher daily. Opt for oil-free, non-comedogenic formulas to prevent clogged pores. Reapply sunscreen every two hours, especially if you’re spending prolonged periods outdoors.

Hands off policy

As tempting as it may be, picking or squeezing cystic acne lesions can lead to further inflammation, scarring, and infection. Practise a hands-off policy and refrain from touching your face throughout the day. If you must extract a pimple, do so with clean hands and gentle pressure using a comedone extractor. Alternatively, leave extractions to skincare professionals to minimise the risk of scarring.

Healthy lifestyle habits

In addition to a tailored skincare regime, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can also help manage cystic acne. Incorporate stress-reducing activities such as yoga, meditation, or deep breathing exercises into your daily routine. Aim to consume a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. Avoiding dairy, processed foods, and sugary treats may also help reduce acne flare-ups.

Consultation with a dermatologist

If your cystic acne persists despite diligent skincare efforts, it may be time to seek professional help. A dermatologist can assess your skin condition, identify underlying causes, and recommend appropriate treatment options. From prescription medications like oral antibiotics or isotretinoin to advanced procedures like laser therapy or chemical peels, there are various interventions available to manage cystic acne effectively.


Living with cystic acne can be challenging, but with the right daily skincare regime and lifestyle adjustments, you can minimise its impact on your life. Remember to cleanse gently, moisturise adequately, and protect your skin from the sun. Incorporate spot treatments as needed and resist the urge to pick or squeeze your pimples. By prioritising your skin’s health and seeking professional guidance when necessary, you can achieve clearer, healthier skin and regain your confidence.

For personalised acne treatments and expert dermatological care, consider reaching out to APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic. With our comprehensive range of services, including cosmetic dermatology, skin surgery, and acne scar removal treatments, our experts can help you on your journey to clearer, smoother skin. Don’t let cystic acne hold you back any longer – take the first step towards radiant skin with APAX Medical today.

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Understanding The Genetic Factors Of Hyperhidrosis

Understanding The Genetic Factors Of Hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis, commonly known as excessive sweating, is a medical condition that can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life. While environmental factors such as heat, stress, and physical activity can contribute to sweating, there is a growing body of research suggesting that genetic factors play a crucial role in the development of hyperhidrosis.

In this article, we will delve into the genetic underpinnings of hyperhidrosis, exploring how our genes may influence the occurrence of this condition.

The genetic basis of hyperhidrosis

Genetics, the study of genes and their inheritance, is a complex field that has revealed intriguing connections between our DNA and various health conditions. Hyperhidrosis is no exception. Studies have shown that individuals with a family history of excessive sweating are more likely to experience hyperhidrosis themselves, indicating a hereditary component.

Researchers have identified specific genetic markers associated with hyperhidrosis, particularly within genes related to the regulation of sweat glands and the nervous system. One such gene is the SLC4A4 gene, which encodes a protein involved in the transport of bicarbonate ions. Variations in this gene have been linked to an increased susceptibility to hyperhidrosis, as they may affect the normal functioning of sweat glands.

Another significant genetic factor is the TRPV1 gene, responsible for encoding a receptor involved in the sensation of heat and pain. Variations in this gene can lead to an overactive response to stimuli, potentially causing excessive sweating even in non-stressful situations.

The inheritance pattern

Understanding the inheritance pattern of hyperhidrosis sheds light on how the condition is passed down through generations. Hyperhidrosis can be inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, meaning that only one copy of the affected gene from either parent is sufficient to increase the risk of developing the condition. However, the presence of the gene does not guarantee that an individual will experience hyperhidrosis, as other factors, both genetic and environmental, also contribute to its manifestation.

Genetic and environmental interplay

It is essential to recognise that genetics alone does not determine the development of hyperhidrosis. Environmental factors can interact with genetic predispositions, influencing the severity and onset of symptoms. Factors such as climate, stress levels, and overall health can exacerbate or mitigate the impact of genetic factors on hyperhidrosis.

Potential implications for treatment

Understanding the genetic factors of hyperhidrosis can pave the way for more targeted and personalised hyperhidrosis treatment approaches. While traditional treatments, such as antiperspirants, oral medications, and medical procedures like Botox injections, aim to manage symptoms, a deeper understanding of the genetic basis may lead to the development of innovative treatments that address the root causes of hyperhidrosis.


Hyperhidrosis is a multifaceted condition influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. The identification of specific genes associated with hyperhidrosis has provided valuable insights into its hereditary nature, offering hope for more effective treatments in the future. As research in this field continues to advance, individuals struggling with hyperhidrosis may benefit from increasingly personalised and targeted interventions.

At APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic, we understand the importance of a holistic approach to healthcare. If you or a loved one is dealing with excessive sweating, consider reaching out to our clinic for comprehensive and personalised care that addresses both genetic and environmental factors. We also offer comprehensive acne scar removal treatment in Singapore for individuals striving to achieve smoother, clearer skin.

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Holistic Approaches To Acne: The Role Of Diet And Lifestyle

Holistic Approaches To Acne: The Role Of Diet And Lifestyle

Acne, a common skin condition that affects people of all ages, can be a source of frustration and self-consciousness. While many turn to topical or oral medication, a holistic approach that considers diet and lifestyle factors can play a crucial role in managing and preventing acne. Understanding how these factors influence skin health can empower individuals to take control of their skincare routine for a clearer complexion.

The link between diet and acne

The connection between diet and acne has been a subject of ongoing research, and evidence suggests that certain foods may exacerbate or alleviate acne symptoms. High-glycemic foods, such as refined carbohydrates and sugary snacks, can spike blood sugar levels and lead to increased inflammation, potentially worsening acne. On the other hand, a diet rich in antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamins A and E can support skin health by reducing inflammation and promoting healing.

Incorporating anti-inflammatory foods

A diet centred on anti-inflammatory foods can be a game-changer for those seeking holistic acne management. Fruits and vegetables, particularly those with vibrant colours like leafy greens and berries, are packed with antioxidants that combat oxidative stress and inflammation. Additionally, incorporating fatty fish, nuts, and seeds can provide essential omega-3 fatty acids, known for their anti-inflammatory properties.

The impact of hydration

Hydration is a fundamental aspect of skincare that is often overlooked. Water plays a crucial role in flushing out toxins and maintaining skin elasticity. Staying adequately hydrated can contribute to a more radiant complexion and support the body’s natural detoxification processes. Herbal teas and infused water can be delightful alternatives for those seeking flavorful ways to meet their hydration needs.

Balancing hormones through lifestyle choices

Hormonal fluctuations are a significant contributor to acne, particularly in adolescents and women experiencing menstrual cycles, pregnancy, or menopause. Engaging in regular physical activity helps regulate hormone levels and reduce stress, a common trigger for acne flare-ups. Additionally, sufficient sleep is vital for hormonal balance and overall skin health. Establishing a consistent sleep routine can positively impact hormone regulation and contribute to clearer skin.

Stress management and skincare

Chronic stress can have a profound impact on skin health, as stress hormones may stimulate oil production and increase inflammation, leading to acne breakouts. Incorporating stress management techniques such as meditation, yoga, and deep breathing exercises can help reduce stress levels and improve overall well-being. Furthermore, maintaining a regular skincare routine with gentle, non-comedogenic products can support skin health and prevent further irritation.

The role of gut health

The gut-skin connection is a growing area of research that highlights the influence of gut health on skin conditions, including acne. A balanced gut microbiome is essential for proper digestion and absorption of nutrients, which in turn affects skin health. Probiotics, found in fermented foods like yoghurt and kimchi, can promote a healthy gut microbiome and may contribute to clearer skin.

Holistic skincare practices

Beyond diet and lifestyle, incorporating holistic skincare practices is crucial for managing acne. Using non-comedogenic products, avoiding harsh chemicals, and practising gentle exfoliation can help maintain a healthy skin barrier and prevent acne breakouts. Natural ingredients like tea tree oil, aloe vera, and chamomile have anti-inflammatory and soothing properties that can complement a holistic skincare routine.


Taking a holistic approach to acne management involves addressing various aspects of one’s lifestyle, including diet, hydration, stress management, and skincare practices. By recognising the interconnectedness of these factors, individuals can empower themselves to make informed choices that promote clearer and healthier skin.

At APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic, we understand the importance of a holistic approach to skincare. Our experienced professionals are committed to providing personalised treatments that consider not only topical solutions but also lifestyle factors contributing to acne. If you’re seeking comprehensive and effective acne management, our team is here to guide you on your journey to radiant and healthy skin. Schedule a consultation with us today to explore personalised solutions tailored to your unique skincare needs, including advanced treatment for cystic acne and effective options for acne scar removal treatment in Singapore.

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Understanding Isotretinoin: A Comprehensive Guide For Severe Acne

Understanding Isotretinoin: A Comprehensive Guide For Severe Acne

For those who are suffering from severe acne, the word ‘isotretinoin’ might ring a bell. This is because, in the pursuit of clearer skin, medical science has introduced this oral medication, widely recognised by its brand name Accutane. As many of us know, severe acne can not only cause physical discomfort; it can also significantly impact one’s self-esteem and overall quality of life. This is where isotretinoin steps in as an effective treatment method for the severe skin condition.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various aspects of isotretinoin treatment for individuals seeking relief from persistent acne.

Understanding isotretinoin

Isotretinoin, a potent oral retinoid derived from Vitamin A, is a groundbreaking treatment for severe or resistant acne, including nodulocystic acne and acne with severe scarring. Marketed under different brand names such as Roaccutane, Accutane, Oratane, and Acnotin, isotretinoin has significantly improved the lives of countless individuals struggling with persistent acne.

How isotretinoin works

Isotretinoin targets the root causes of acne by addressing four core factors: excessive sebum production, clogged pores due to abnormal skin turnover, inflammation, and bacterial C. acnes. Unlike conventional treatments, isotretinoin effectively targets all these factors, leading to a remarkable reduction in sebum production, whiteheads, blackheads, inflammation, and the total C. acnes bacterial count.

How isotretinoin helps acne

Isotretinoin is effective in treating various acne symptoms:

1. Inflamed (Red) Spots

Isotretinoin’s remarkable effectiveness lies in its ability to clear inflamed spots, including red papules, pustules, and nodules. By halting the development of new inflamed spots and encouraging the resolution of existing ones, isotretinoin plays a pivotal role in calming irritated skin.

2. Cysts

Severe acne often manifests as painful cysts, causing significant discomfort and leaving lasting scars. Isotretinoin, a powerful cystic acne treatment, shines in reducing these cystic formations, offering relief to those burdened by their presence.

3. Comedones

Isotretinoin doesn’t discriminate; it is equally effective against comedones, whether they are open (blackheads) or closed (whiteheads). While the medication proves its efficacy in most cases, exceptionally large closed comedones may require alternative treatments like hyfrecation before initiating an isotretinoin course.

4. Greasiness

Excess sebum production contributes to the greasiness of the skin, often robbing individuals of their confidence. Isotretinoin steps in by regulating sebum production, leading to a noticeable reduction in skin and hair greasiness. Many individuals find their skin becoming less shiny, contributing to an overall improved complexion.

Treatment approaches

The duration and dosage of isotretinoin treatment vary based on the severity of acne. Most individuals with severe facial acne undergo a course of treatment lasting 4 – 6 months, while back acne may require 6 – 8 months of treatment. The dosage is weight-based, typically starting at 0.5mg/kg/day and increasing gradually. Low-dose isotretinoin has proven to be as effective as conventional dosing, offering improved tolerability and affordability.

Side effects and considerations

Isotretinoin treatment may lead to dryness of the skin, lips, eyes, and nasal passages. Additionally, some individuals may experience mild joint and muscle pains. Dryness can be managed with moisturisers and lip balms, while eye drops and sunscreen help combat dry eyes and sensitivity to sunlight, respectively. While concerns about mood changes exist, studies have shown mixed results, and patients are closely monitored for any shifts in mood.

Before starting isotretinoin, a thorough medical history and basic laboratory tests are essential. Certain conditions, such as liver or kidney disease, excessively high blood cholesterol levels, hypervitaminosis A, pregnancy, and breastfeeding, may contraindicate isotretinoin usage. It is vital to inform healthcare providers of any ongoing medications to avoid potential drug interactions.

Post-treatment and relapse prevention

Following successful isotretinoin treatment, patients might wonder about the possibility of relapse. Maintenance therapy, often involving topical retinoids, can help prevent and reduce potential inflammation and microcomedones. While relapse rates are approximately 20%, proper skincare and maintenance therapies can contribute significantly to long-term acne management.


Isotretinoin, a revolutionary oral retinoid, offers hope for individuals grappling with severe or resistant acne. Once you have understood its benefits, potential side effects, and considerations, you can embark on a transformative journey toward healthier, clearer skin. When choosing an aesthetics clinic to guide you through your Isotretinoin treatment, it’s crucial to consider their expertise, reputation, and commitment to patient care.

At APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic, your journey to flawless skin is our priority. Our experienced professionals at our Hougang aesthetics clinic -located near Kovan MRT station, and Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic – located at Bukit Panjang MRT, are dedicated to providing comprehensive and personalised care, ensuring you achieve the radiant complexion you desire. Take the first step toward your acne-free future with APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic!

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Hormonal Acne vs. Regular Acne: What’s The Difference?

Hormonal Acne vs. Regular Acne: What’s The Difference?

Acne can take various forms and affect people of all ages. That said, when it comes to achieving clear, healthy skin, one crucial factor to consider is knowing your acne type. Although acne is a common skin condition, many might still be unaware of the distinct differences between hormonal acne and regular acne.  While they may seem similar at first glance, understanding the differences between the two is crucial for effective treatment.

Read on as we explore the characteristics, causes, and methods to distinguish between hormonal acne and regular acne.

What is hormonal acne?

Before exploring the differences, it is important to understand what hormonal acne means. Hormonal acne is a specific type of acne that occurs due to fluctuations in hormone levels, particularly androgens like testosterone. These hormones can stimulate the sebaceous glands in the skin, leading to increased oil production. Excess oil, along with dead skin cells and bacteria, can clog hair follicles and result in acne breakouts.

Hormonal acne often appears as deep, painful pimples, blackheads, whiteheads or cysts on the lower face, jawline, and neck. It commonly affects adults aged 20 – 50 years old, women during their menstrual cycle, and individuals experiencing hormonal imbalances.

Causes of hormonal acne

The primary cause of hormonal acne is, as the name suggests, hormonal fluctuations. During puberty, the body undergoes significant hormonal changes, leading to increased oil production and acne breakouts. In women, hormonal acne can also be triggered by menstruation, pregnancy, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and menopause. Furthermore, hormonal imbalances, stress, and certain medications can worsen hormonal acne symptoms.

Causes of regular acne

On the other hand, regular acne – also known as non-hormonal acne, is typically caused by a combination of factors such as excess oil production, clogged pores, inflammation, and bacterial activity. Unlike hormonal acne, regular acne can affect people of all ages and genders. Common triggers for regular acne include genetics, poor skincare habits, excessive sweating, and exposure to environmental pollutants. Diet can also play a role, with high-glycemic foods and dairy products sometimes contributing to acne breakouts.

How to distinguish between hormonal acne and regular acne

Distinguishing between hormonal acne and regular acne can be challenging, as both types share common symptoms like blackheads, whiteheads, and inflamed pimples. However, some key differences can help identify the underlying cause of the breakouts.

  • Response to treatment

Traditional over-the-counter acne medications may not be effective for hormonal acne. Seeking professional guidance from an acne treatment clinic is crucial in such cases. In contrast, regular acne can often be effectively managed with topical treatments containing ingredients like benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.

  • Location of acne

The location of your acne can also help to determine its type. Hormonal acne predominantly appears on the lower face, jawline, and neck. Regular acne, on the other hand, can occur on various parts of the face, chest, and back.

  • Type of acne lesions

Hormonal acne often manifests as deep, cystic pimples that are painful to the touch. On the other hand, regular acne, while also including pustules and papules, may not be as severely inflamed as hormonal acne lesions.

  • Timing of breakouts

Hormonal acne is often cyclical and tends to flare up before or during menstruation. It can also worsen during times of stress or hormonal changes. Regular acne breakouts may not follow a specific pattern and can occur randomly.

  • Underlying health conditions

Hormonal acne can be associated with underlying health conditions such as PCOS or hormonal imbalances. If acne persists despite proper skincare and lifestyle changes, consulting a healthcare professional is advisable to rule out any hormonal issues.


Understanding the distinction between hormonal acne and regular acne is essential for implementing an effective skincare regimen and seeking appropriate medical advice. By paying attention to the factors stated above, individuals can better understand the underlying cause of their acne and make informed decisions about their treatments. If acne persists or worsens, consulting a dermatologist is crucial to receive personalised guidance and achieve clear, healthy skin.

APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic is equipped with experienced skincare specialists to address your acne-related concerns, including acne scar removal treatments. Consider visiting our Hougang aesthetic clinic situated not far from Kovan MRT station or our Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic near Bukit Panjang MRT and say goodbye to your acne-related concerns once and for all.

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Debunking Myths About Underarm Whitening Procedures

Debunking Myths About Underarm Whitening Procedures

The demand for underarm whitening procedures has surged within the last few years, fueled by societal beauty standards and the desire for flawless skin. However, amid the growing interest, numerous myths and misconceptions have surfaced, causing confusion and scepticism among those considering such treatments.

Read on as we aim to debunk these myths and shed light on the truth about underarm whitening procedures.

Myth #1: Underarm whitening procedures are harmful

One of the most common misconceptions about underarm whitening procedures is that they are inherently harmful to the skin. While it is true that some procedures can involve chemicals, advances in technology and medical research have led to the development of safer and more effective methods. Reputable clinics use FDA-approved products and techniques that are specifically formulated to minimise skin irritation and promote healthy underarm skin. When choosing an aesthetics clinic for your procedure, it is crucial to consider their commitment to using safe and approved products.

Myth #2: Underarm whitening procedures are exclusively for celebrities

Contrary to popular belief, underarm whitening procedures are not reserved for celebrities and the elite. These treatments are widely accessible to the general public, with various options available, including over-the-counter products and professional services offered at dermatology clinics. People from all walks of life seek underarm whitening procedures to boost their confidence and feel more comfortable in their skin.

Myth #3: Underarm whitening procedures guarantee instant results

While underarm whitening procedures can produce noticeable results, it is essential to manage expectations. Many myths stem from exaggerated claims of instant transformation. In reality, the effectiveness of these procedures varies from person to person and depends on factors such as skin type, lifestyle, and the chosen method. Patience and consistency are key, as gradual improvement is a more realistic expectation.

Myth #4: Underarm whitening procedures are permanent

Underarm whitening procedures do not offer permanent results. Skin naturally renews itself, and factors like sun exposure, hormonal changes, and ageing can affect the appearance of underarm skin over time. Maintenance is crucial to sustaining the desired outcome. Regular skincare routines, sun protection, and occasional touch-up treatments are necessary to preserve the results achieved through underarm whitening procedures.

Myth #5: Underarm whitening procedures are painful

Another common myth is that underarm whitening procedures are painful and require lengthy recovery periods. In truth, most modern techniques are minimally invasive and relatively painless. Patients might experience mild discomfort or a tingling sensation during the procedure, but this is generally well-tolerated. Additionally, there is little to no downtime associated with these treatments, allowing individuals to resume their daily activities immediately afterwards.

Myth #6: Underarm whitening procedures are unaffordable

The perception that underarm whitening procedures are exorbitantly expensive contributes to the misconception that they are inaccessible to the average person. While certain professional treatments may come with a higher price tag, there are affordable options available, including at-home whitening products and budget-friendly clinic services. Moreover, many clinics offer package deals and financing options to make these procedures more financially manageable for a broader range of individuals.


It is important to dispel the myths surrounding underarm whitening procedures and approach the topic with accurate information. With advancements in technology and increased accessibility, these treatments have become safer, more affordable, and less invasive. By consulting with qualified professionals and managing expectations realistically, individuals can achieve the desired results and boost their confidence in a safe and effective manner. Remember, the key lies in understanding the facts, embracing patience, and making well-informed decisions for your skincare journey.

If you’re looking for a renowned and reliable clinic to begin your underarm whitening journey, look no further than APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic! Our team of experienced professionals will ensure a smooth and satisfying experience during your treatment. With our expertise in various fields, including deep deep acne scar treatments, skin surgery and hyperhidrosis treatment, you can trust us to provide personalised care tailored to your unique needs. Visit our Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic at Bukit Panjang MRT or our Hougang aesthetic clinic at Kovan MRT station. Do not hesitate to contact us today for more information!

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