Understanding Isotretinoin: A Comprehensive Guide For Severe Acne

Understanding Isotretinoin: A Comprehensive Guide For Severe Acne

For those who are suffering from severe acne, the word ‘isotretinoin’ might ring a bell. This is because, in the pursuit of clearer skin, medical science has introduced this oral medication, widely recognised by its brand name Accutane. As many of us know, severe acne can not only cause physical discomfort; it can also significantly impact one’s self-esteem and overall quality of life. This is where isotretinoin steps in as an effective treatment method for the severe skin condition.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various aspects of isotretinoin treatment for individuals seeking relief from persistent acne.

Understanding isotretinoin

Isotretinoin, a potent oral retinoid derived from Vitamin A, is a groundbreaking treatment for severe or resistant acne, including nodulocystic acne and acne with severe scarring. Marketed under different brand names such as Roaccutane, Accutane, Oratane, and Acnotin, isotretinoin has significantly improved the lives of countless individuals struggling with persistent acne.

How isotretinoin works

Isotretinoin targets the root causes of acne by addressing four core factors: excessive sebum production, clogged pores due to abnormal skin turnover, inflammation, and bacterial C. acnes. Unlike conventional treatments, isotretinoin effectively targets all these factors, leading to a remarkable reduction in sebum production, whiteheads, blackheads, inflammation, and the total C. acnes bacterial count.

How isotretinoin helps acne

Isotretinoin is effective in treating various acne symptoms:

1. Inflamed (Red) Spots

Isotretinoin’s remarkable effectiveness lies in its ability to clear inflamed spots, including red papules, pustules, and nodules. By halting the development of new inflamed spots and encouraging the resolution of existing ones, isotretinoin plays a pivotal role in calming irritated skin.

2. Cysts

Severe acne often manifests as painful cysts, causing significant discomfort and leaving lasting scars. Isotretinoin, a powerful cystic acne treatment, shines in reducing these cystic formations, offering relief to those burdened by their presence.

3. Comedones

Isotretinoin doesn’t discriminate; it is equally effective against comedones, whether they are open (blackheads) or closed (whiteheads). While the medication proves its efficacy in most cases, exceptionally large closed comedones may require alternative treatments like hyfrecation before initiating an isotretinoin course.

4. Greasiness

Excess sebum production contributes to the greasiness of the skin, often robbing individuals of their confidence. Isotretinoin steps in by regulating sebum production, leading to a noticeable reduction in skin and hair greasiness. Many individuals find their skin becoming less shiny, contributing to an overall improved complexion.

Treatment approaches

The duration and dosage of isotretinoin treatment vary based on the severity of acne. Most individuals with severe facial acne undergo a course of treatment lasting 4 – 6 months, while back acne may require 6 – 8 months of treatment. The dosage is weight-based, typically starting at 0.5mg/kg/day and increasing gradually. Low-dose isotretinoin has proven to be as effective as conventional dosing, offering improved tolerability and affordability.

Side effects and considerations

Isotretinoin treatment may lead to dryness of the skin, lips, eyes, and nasal passages. Additionally, some individuals may experience mild joint and muscle pains. Dryness can be managed with moisturisers and lip balms, while eye drops and sunscreen help combat dry eyes and sensitivity to sunlight, respectively. While concerns about mood changes exist, studies have shown mixed results, and patients are closely monitored for any shifts in mood.

Before starting isotretinoin, a thorough medical history and basic laboratory tests are essential. Certain conditions, such as liver or kidney disease, excessively high blood cholesterol levels, hypervitaminosis A, pregnancy, and breastfeeding, may contraindicate isotretinoin usage. It is vital to inform healthcare providers of any ongoing medications to avoid potential drug interactions.

Post-treatment and relapse prevention

Following successful isotretinoin treatment, patients might wonder about the possibility of relapse. Maintenance therapy, often involving topical retinoids, can help prevent and reduce potential inflammation and microcomedones. While relapse rates are approximately 20%, proper skincare and maintenance therapies can contribute significantly to long-term acne management.


Isotretinoin, a revolutionary oral retinoid, offers hope for individuals grappling with severe or resistant acne. Once you have understood its benefits, potential side effects, and considerations, you can embark on a transformative journey toward healthier, clearer skin. When choosing an aesthetics clinic to guide you through your Isotretinoin treatment, it’s crucial to consider their expertise, reputation, and commitment to patient care.

At APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic, your journey to flawless skin is our priority. Our experienced professionals at our Hougang aesthetics clinic -located near Kovan MRT station, and Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic – located at Bukit Panjang MRT, are dedicated to providing comprehensive and personalised care, ensuring you achieve the radiant complexion you desire. Take the first step toward your acne-free future with APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic!

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Hormonal Acne vs. Regular Acne: What’s The Difference?

Hormonal Acne vs. Regular Acne: What’s The Difference?

Acne can take various forms and affect people of all ages. That said, when it comes to achieving clear, healthy skin, one crucial factor to consider is knowing your acne type. Although acne is a common skin condition, many might still be unaware of the distinct differences between hormonal acne and regular acne.  While they may seem similar at first glance, understanding the differences between the two is crucial for effective treatment.

Read on as we explore the characteristics, causes, and methods to distinguish between hormonal acne and regular acne.

What is hormonal acne?

Before exploring the differences, it is important to understand what hormonal acne means. Hormonal acne is a specific type of acne that occurs due to fluctuations in hormone levels, particularly androgens like testosterone. These hormones can stimulate the sebaceous glands in the skin, leading to increased oil production. Excess oil, along with dead skin cells and bacteria, can clog hair follicles and result in acne breakouts.

Hormonal acne often appears as deep, painful pimples, blackheads, whiteheads or cysts on the lower face, jawline, and neck. It commonly affects adults aged 20 – 50 years old, women during their menstrual cycle, and individuals experiencing hormonal imbalances.

Causes of hormonal acne

The primary cause of hormonal acne is, as the name suggests, hormonal fluctuations. During puberty, the body undergoes significant hormonal changes, leading to increased oil production and acne breakouts. In women, hormonal acne can also be triggered by menstruation, pregnancy, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and menopause. Furthermore, hormonal imbalances, stress, and certain medications can worsen hormonal acne symptoms.

Causes of regular acne

On the other hand, regular acne – also known as non-hormonal acne, is typically caused by a combination of factors such as excess oil production, clogged pores, inflammation, and bacterial activity. Unlike hormonal acne, regular acne can affect people of all ages and genders. Common triggers for regular acne include genetics, poor skincare habits, excessive sweating, and exposure to environmental pollutants. Diet can also play a role, with high-glycemic foods and dairy products sometimes contributing to acne breakouts.

How to distinguish between hormonal acne and regular acne

Distinguishing between hormonal acne and regular acne can be challenging, as both types share common symptoms like blackheads, whiteheads, and inflamed pimples. However, some key differences can help identify the underlying cause of the breakouts.

  • Response to treatment

Traditional over-the-counter acne medications may not be effective for hormonal acne. Seeking professional guidance from an acne treatment clinic is crucial in such cases. In contrast, regular acne can often be effectively managed with topical treatments containing ingredients like benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.

  • Location of acne

The location of your acne can also help to determine its type. Hormonal acne predominantly appears on the lower face, jawline, and neck. Regular acne, on the other hand, can occur on various parts of the face, chest, and back.

  • Type of acne lesions

Hormonal acne often manifests as deep, cystic pimples that are painful to the touch. On the other hand, regular acne, while also including pustules and papules, may not be as severely inflamed as hormonal acne lesions.

  • Timing of breakouts

Hormonal acne is often cyclical and tends to flare up before or during menstruation. It can also worsen during times of stress or hormonal changes. Regular acne breakouts may not follow a specific pattern and can occur randomly.

  • Underlying health conditions

Hormonal acne can be associated with underlying health conditions such as PCOS or hormonal imbalances. If acne persists despite proper skincare and lifestyle changes, consulting a healthcare professional is advisable to rule out any hormonal issues.


Understanding the distinction between hormonal acne and regular acne is essential for implementing an effective skincare regimen and seeking appropriate medical advice. By paying attention to the factors stated above, individuals can better understand the underlying cause of their acne and make informed decisions about their treatments. If acne persists or worsens, consulting a dermatologist is crucial to receive personalised guidance and achieve clear, healthy skin.

APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic is equipped with experienced skincare specialists to address your acne-related concerns, including acne scar removal treatments. Consider visiting our Hougang aesthetic clinic situated not far from Kovan MRT station or our Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic near Bukit Panjang MRT and say goodbye to your acne-related concerns once and for all.

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Debunking Myths About Underarm Whitening Procedures

Debunking Myths About Underarm Whitening Procedures

The demand for underarm whitening procedures has surged within the last few years, fueled by societal beauty standards and the desire for flawless skin. However, amid the growing interest, numerous myths and misconceptions have surfaced, causing confusion and scepticism among those considering such treatments.

Read on as we aim to debunk these myths and shed light on the truth about underarm whitening procedures.

Myth #1: Underarm whitening procedures are harmful

One of the most common misconceptions about underarm whitening procedures is that they are inherently harmful to the skin. While it is true that some procedures can involve chemicals, advances in technology and medical research have led to the development of safer and more effective methods. Reputable clinics use FDA-approved products and techniques that are specifically formulated to minimise skin irritation and promote healthy underarm skin. When choosing an aesthetics clinic for your procedure, it is crucial to consider their commitment to using safe and approved products.

Myth #2: Underarm whitening procedures are exclusively for celebrities

Contrary to popular belief, underarm whitening procedures are not reserved for celebrities and the elite. These treatments are widely accessible to the general public, with various options available, including over-the-counter products and professional services offered at dermatology clinics. People from all walks of life seek underarm whitening procedures to boost their confidence and feel more comfortable in their skin.

Myth #3: Underarm whitening procedures guarantee instant results

While underarm whitening procedures can produce noticeable results, it is essential to manage expectations. Many myths stem from exaggerated claims of instant transformation. In reality, the effectiveness of these procedures varies from person to person and depends on factors such as skin type, lifestyle, and the chosen method. Patience and consistency are key, as gradual improvement is a more realistic expectation.

Myth #4: Underarm whitening procedures are permanent

Underarm whitening procedures do not offer permanent results. Skin naturally renews itself, and factors like sun exposure, hormonal changes, and ageing can affect the appearance of underarm skin over time. Maintenance is crucial to sustaining the desired outcome. Regular skincare routines, sun protection, and occasional touch-up treatments are necessary to preserve the results achieved through underarm whitening procedures.

Myth #5: Underarm whitening procedures are painful

Another common myth is that underarm whitening procedures are painful and require lengthy recovery periods. In truth, most modern techniques are minimally invasive and relatively painless. Patients might experience mild discomfort or a tingling sensation during the procedure, but this is generally well-tolerated. Additionally, there is little to no downtime associated with these treatments, allowing individuals to resume their daily activities immediately afterwards.

Myth #6: Underarm whitening procedures are unaffordable

The perception that underarm whitening procedures are exorbitantly expensive contributes to the misconception that they are inaccessible to the average person. While certain professional treatments may come with a higher price tag, there are affordable options available, including at-home whitening products and budget-friendly clinic services. Moreover, many clinics offer package deals and financing options to make these procedures more financially manageable for a broader range of individuals.


It is important to dispel the myths surrounding underarm whitening procedures and approach the topic with accurate information. With advancements in technology and increased accessibility, these treatments have become safer, more affordable, and less invasive. By consulting with qualified professionals and managing expectations realistically, individuals can achieve the desired results and boost their confidence in a safe and effective manner. Remember, the key lies in understanding the facts, embracing patience, and making well-informed decisions for your skincare journey.

If you’re looking for a renowned and reliable clinic to begin your underarm whitening journey, look no further than APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic! Our team of experienced professionals will ensure a smooth and satisfying experience during your treatment. With our expertise in various fields, including deep deep acne scar treatments, skin surgery and hyperhidrosis treatment, you can trust us to provide personalised care tailored to your unique needs. Visit our Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic at Bukit Panjang MRT or our Hougang aesthetic clinic at Kovan MRT station. Do not hesitate to contact us today for more information!

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What Causes Skin Pigmentation & Can They Be Removed?

What Causes Skin Pigmentation & Can They Be Removed?

Skin pigmentation is a common concern for many individuals, impacting people with various skin types and backgrounds. For those who are unfamiliar, skin pigmentation refers to the abnormal lightening or darkening of your skin. It is a fairly common skin condition that may affect both men and women alike. While some embrace their natural skin tones, others seek ways to reduce or eliminate skin pigmentation for cosmetic or medical reasons.

Below, we will explore the causes of skin pigmentation and discuss the available treatments that can help manage this condition.

What is Skin Pigmentation?

Before we move on to the causes of skin pigmentation, let’s take a closer look at what this condition implies. Skin pigmentation refers to the colour of a person’s skin, determined by the presence and distribution of melanin – the pigment responsible for skin, hair, and eye colour. Melanin is produced by melanocytes, specialised cells located in the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin. The amount and type of melanin in your skin are determined by genetics, exposure to sunlight, and hormonal factors.

Causes of Skin Pigmentation

Several factors contribute to skin pigmentation, with each playing a distinct role in its development:

1. Sun exposure

Excessive sun exposure is a significant cause of skin pigmentation. Ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun stimulate melanocytes to produce more melanin, resulting in tanned or pigmented skin. Prolonged sun exposure without adequate protection can lead to sunspots and uneven pigmentation.

2. Genetics

Genetic factors influence the type and amount of melanin your body produces. Individuals with a family history of skin pigmentation issues are more likely to develop similar conditions themselves. Certain individuals have a genetic inclination toward skin pigmentation, which may result in freckles and birthmarks. Typically, these forms of skin pigmentation pose no harm.

3. Hormones

Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy, birth control pill usage, or hormone replacement therapy, can cause an increase in melanin production, leading to skin pigmentation changes. Hormonal changes affect all areas of the body, including the skin. Melasma, a form of skin pigmentation that develops during pregnancy, is a particularly typical case. Melasma is characterised by dark areas on the cheeks, forehead, forearms, and upper lip. Melasma brought on by pregnancy is completely safe and usually goes away after a few months.

4. Inflammatory conditions

Irritated or damaged skin cells tend to preact by producing a high level of melanin. This process is commonly referred to as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). Skin inflammation can be brought on by eczema, acne and psoriasis but can also be the result of damage to the skin.

5. Ageing

As we age, our skin undergoes various changes, including alterations in melanin distribution. Age spots, also known as liver spots, are flat, brown, grey, or black spots that develop in sun-exposed areas due to ageing and prolonged sun exposure.

Is it possible to remove skin pigmentation?

While complete removal of skin pigmentation may not always be possible, there are several treatments available that can significantly reduce its appearance:

1. Pico Laser Treatment

Pico laser treatments in Singapore offer an advanced solution for various pigmentation issues. Using ultrashort pulses, Pico laser breaks down pigments into smaller particles, effectively treating freckles, sunspots, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). Unlike traditional lasers, Pico laser’s rapid pulses exert a photoacoustic effect, eliminating pigments without overheating surrounding tissues.

2. Topical Creams

Topical creams containing ingredients like hydroquinone, kojic acid, retinoids, or corticosteroids can help lighten hyperpigmented areas of the skin. These creams work by inhibiting melanin production or promoting skin cell turnover, leading to a more even skin tone over time. It’s crucial to consult a dermatologist before using any topical treatments to ensure they are suitable for your skin type and condition.

3. Regular Check-ups

Regular check-ups with a dermatologist are essential for monitoring any changes in your skin pigmentation. Early detection of skin conditions can lead to more effective treatments and better outcomes. Dermatologists can recommend personalised treatments based on the specific cause and severity of your skin pigmentation issues.


Skin pigmentation is a complex issue influenced by various factors. While complete removal might not always be possible, advancements in dermatological treatments offer effective solutions for managing and reducing skin pigmentation. Pico laser treatments and topical creams, along with regular check-ups with a dermatologist, can significantly improve the appearance of hyperpigmented areas. It is essential to consult a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable treatment plan tailored to your specific needs and skin type, ensuring safe and satisfactory results.

At APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic, we provide Pico Laser treatments to help alleviate your skin pigmentation issues. Aside from skin pigmentation, our clinic provides an array of services for numerous dermatological conditions, acne scar removal treatments, and more. Consider visiting our Hougang aesthetic clinic, located near  Kovan MRT station or our Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic at Bukit Panjang MRT.

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Topical vs. Oral Medications For Cystic Acne: Weighing Options

Topical vs. Oral Medications For Cystic Acne: Weighing Options

Cystic acne can be an incredibly frustrating skin condition. Categorised by large, painful, and often deeply rooted pimples, it can leave lasting scars if not managed properly. For those who are looking for the best method to eliminate or prevent acne from developing further, fortunately, there are various cystic acne treatment options available, including topical medications like Benzoyl Peroxide and Topical Retinoids, as well as oral medications such as Isotretinoin (Accutane) and Oral Antibiotics. These are the two primary choices for treating cystic acne.

Read on as we explore the pros and cons of both to help you make an informed decision about which may be the best option for your unique skin needs.

Topical medications

Topical medications are applied directly to the skin’s surface and are a popular choice for treating cystic acne. Here are some of their advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages of topical medications

1. Targeted application 

One of the most significant advantages of topical medications is its precision. They allow you to apply treatment directly to the affected areas, minimising the risk of side effects on unaffected skin.

2. Combination therapy

Topical medications are often used in combination with other topical treatments or skincare products. This approach can be tailored to address various aspects of acne, such as inflammation, bacteria, and excess oil production.

3. Less systemic impact

Since topical medications are absorbed primarily at the application site, they generally have fewer systemic side effects than oral medications. This can be particularly beneficial if you are concerned about potential internal health risks.

Disadvantages of topical medications

1. Skin sensitivity

Some topical medications can cause skin dryness, redness, and irritation, which may be challenging for individuals with sensitive skin. Finding the right product and dosage for your skin type can be a trial-and-error process.

2. Limited reach

Topical medication may not penetrate deep enough to reach the root of cystic acne, which often resides beneath the skin’s surface. This limitation can make it challenging to treat the condition effectively.

 3. Time-consuming 

Applying topical treatments can be time-consuming, especially if you have a large area to cover or multiple cystic acne lesions. Consistency in application is key for effectiveness, which may require a commitment to a daily skincare routine.

Oral medications

1. Less time-consuming

Unlike topical treatments that require multiple applications, oral medications are typically taken once or twice a day, making them a more convenient option for many people.

2. Systemic action

Oral medications circulate through the bloodstream, which means they can target cystic acne lesions deep within the skin. This can lead to faster and more comprehensive results.

3. Effective for severe cases

Oral medications are often recommended for individuals with severe or persistent cystic acne that has not responded well to topical treatments. They can provide a more potent and holistic approach to clearing the skin.

Disadvantages of oral medications

1. Monitoring required

Some oral medications, like isotretinoin (commonly known as Accutane), require regular monitoring by a healthcare provider due to their potential for serious side effects. This means frequent doctor visits and blood tests.

2. Systemic side effects

Because oral medications affect the entire body, they can have a range of systemic side effects, including gastrointestinal upset, headaches, and changes in mood. For some individuals, these side effects can be intolerable.

3. Not suitable for everyone

Oral medications are not recommended for pregnant women, as they can cause birth defects. Additionally, they may not be suitable for individuals with certain medical conditions or those taking specific medications.

How to choose the right approach

Ultimately, the choice between topical and oral medications for cystic acne depends on several factors, including the severity of your condition, your skin type, and your overall health. Here are some key considerations to help you make an informed decision.

  • Consult a dermatologist 

The first and most crucial step is to consult a dermatologist. They can assess your skin and provide personalised recommendations based on your unique needs and circumstances.

  • Tolerance of side effects

Consider your tolerance for potential side effects. If you have sensitive skin or are concerned about systemic effects, you may prefer to start with topical treatments and only explore oral medications if necessary.

  • Severity of acne

If your cystic acne is severe and resistant to topical treatments, your dermatologist may recommend oral medications as a more effective option.

  • Commitment to treatment

Topical treatments require a consistent application, which may not be suitable for everyone’s lifestyle. Be honest with yourself about your ability to adhere to a skincare regimen.


Cystic acne can be tough to manage, but with the right approach, this condition is definitely treatable. Topical medications offer targeted and less invasive options, while oral medications provide a systemic solution for more severe cases. Ultimately, the decision between topical and oral treatments should be made in consultation with a healthcare professional who can tailor an approach based on your specific needs.

At APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic, we understand that dealing with cystic acne can be a deeply personal and sometimes frustrating journey. Our dedicated team of skincare experts are here to guide you through your cystic acne treatment journey. Our branches span from our Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic, located near Bukit Panjang MRT station, to our Hougang aesthetics clinic, located just around the corner from Kovan MRT station. Contact us today for more information on our range of services.

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How RF Microneedling Helps In Treating Underarm Hyperhidrosis

How RF Microneedling Helps In Treating Underarm Hyperhidrosis

Excessive sweating, also known as hyperhidrosis, can be uncomfortable and inconvenient for individuals who suffer from it. Since hyperhidrosis can have a significant impact on everyday living, individuals who suffer from it are likely to explore a number of treatments. Although various treatments are available, one promising option quickly gaining recognition in the medical field is Radiofrequency (RF) Microneedling.

Below, we will explore how RF Microneedling can effectively treat underarm hyperhidrosis.

What is RF Microneedling?

RF Microneedling is a minimally invasive cosmetic procedure that combines the benefits of traditional radiofrequency technology with microneedling. The procedure involves the use of a specialised device with minuscule needles that create controlled micro-injuries in the skin’s surface while delivering radiofrequency energy deep into the dermal layers.

Microneedling, combined with RF energy, helps to boost collagen and elastin development – resulting in skin rejuvenation, improved texture, and reduced signs of ageing. RF Microneedling is frequently used to treat dermatological issues such as wrinkles, scars, and stretch marks. These days, RF Microneedling is gaining traction due to its potential to reduce excessive sweating.

How does RF microneedling reduce hyperhidrosis?

RF Microneedling can effectively address hyperhidrosis by targeting the underlying causes of excessive sweating. Here’s how it works.

1. Controlled micro-injuries

The tiny needles used in RF microneedling create micro-injuries in the sweat gland-rich underarm area. These micro-injuries stimulate the body’s natural healing process.

2. Elastin and collagen production

As the skin repairs these micro-injuries, it produces new elastin and collagen, which are essential for skin structure and elasticity. This process helps in tightening the skin structure and improving its overall texture.

3. RF energy

At the same time, the device delivers radiofrequency energy into the dermal layers. This energy heats the tissue and coagulates the seat glands, reducing their ability to produce excessive sweat.

4. Neurological effect

RF Microneedling can also have neurological effects, disrupting the signals sent by nerves to stimulate sweat production. This further contributes to reduced sweating.

By addressing both the physical and neurological aspects of hyperhidrosis, RF microneedling offers a comprehensive solution for those seeking relief from excessive underarm sweating.

Types of RF for sweating

There are different types of RF devices used in hyperhidrosis treatment. The choice of device depends on factors such as the patient’s specific needs and the health provider’s expertise. Two common types are:

1. Fractional RF Microneedling

This method uses tiny needles to create micro-injuries and delivers radiofrequency energy to a fraction of the treated area. Functional RF microneedling is known for its precision and effectiveness in targeting sweat glands.

2. Non-fractional microneedling

In this approach, the entire treatment area is exposed to radiofrequency energy, promoting overall skin rejuvenation while simultaneously addressing hyperhidrosis. Non-fractional RF microneedling is suitable for those looking to improve both their sweat issues and skin quality.

Your healthcare provider will assess your condition and recommend the most suitable RF microneedling approach for your needs.

The benefits of RF Microneedling for hyperhidrosis

RF microneedling offers several advantages when used to treat underarm hyperhidrosis.

1. Minimally invasive

Unlike surgical options, RF microneedling is minimally invasive, with little to no downtime. Patients can return to their regular activities shortly after the procedure.

2. Long-lasting results

Many individuals experience long-lasting relief from hyperhidrosis after a series of RF microneedling sessions. Results can be seen within a few weeks to months.

3. Improved skin quality

On top of reducing sweat, RF microneedling enhances the texture and appearance of the skin in the treated area, leaving it smoother and more youthful.

4. Customisable treatment

RF microneedling treatments can be customised to target specific problem areas and tailored to individual needs.

5. Minimal discomfort

Patients typically experience minimal discomfort during RF microneedling, as numbing creams are applied before the procedure.


RF microneedling has proven to be a promising solution for those seeking relief from hyperhidrosis. This treatment method addresses both the physical and neurological aspects of hyperhidrosis, providing long-lasting results with minimal downtime.

If you’re thinking of opting for this treatment, APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic is here for you! Come to our Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic, conveniently situated near Bukit Panjang MRT station, or our Hougang aesthetic clinic, which is just a stone’s throw away from Kovan MRT station. We offer solutions for hyperhidrosis, acne scars, melasma and more. Visit us today!

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Microneedling vs. Laser Treatments: Which Is Right For You?

Microneedling vs. Laser Treatments: Which Is Right For You?

Microneedling and laser treatments are both effective aesthetic treatments that address resurfacing problem areas and promote skin rejuvenation. Although both methods can yield impressive results, they differ in terms of processes, benefits and considerations.

Read on as we explore the key differences between microneedling and laser treatments to help you determine which might be the right choice for your skincare needs.

The science behind microneedling

Microneedling is a minimally invasive procedure that involves the use of a device with minuscule needles to create controlled micro-injuries in the skin. These tiny holes created on the top layer of your skin help to stimulate your skin’s healing process, producing more elastin and collagen. These proteins play a part in maintaining the firmness and elasticity of your skin.

Microneedling has several advantages, including its effectiveness as an acne scar removal treatment. The procedure is used to treat acne scars, enlarged pores, fine lines, and even stretch marks, on top of other skin concerns. Additionally, microneedling is suitable for all skin types and tones, making it an inclusive option for many individuals.

The science behind laser treatments

Laser treatments, on the other hand, use highly focused beams of light to target specific skin issues. There are several types of lasers available, each designed to address a specific skin concern. Ablative lasers, for example, remove the top layer of skin to treat scars and deep wrinkles. On the other hand, non-ablative lasers penetrate the skin without damaging the surface, making them appropriate for conditions such as sun damage and pigmentation problems.

Laser treatments work by delivering precise energy to the skin, causing controlled damage to the targeted area. This damage stimulates the body’s natural healing process, resulting in the production of collagen and the improvement of various skin concerns. Laser treatments can be highly effective, producing dramatic results with fewer sessions compared to microneedling.

Key differences

1. Downtime and Recovery

One of the significant differences between microneedling and laser treatments is the downtime and recovery period. Microneedling typically has a shorter recovery time, with most patients experiencing redness and mild swelling for a day or two. In contrast, some laser treatments, particularly ablative ones, can require a longer downtime, with skin peeling and redness lasting up to a week or more.

2. Pain and Discomfort

Overall, microneedling is usually considered less painful than laser treatments. Topical numbing creams are typically applied before the procedure to minimise discomfort. Laser treatments can be more uncomfortable, with some patients describing a sensation similar to a rubber band snapping against the skin. However, the level of discomfort can vary depending on the type of laser used and individual pain tolerance.

3. Side effects and hyperpigmentation

Common side effects of microneedling include redness, swelling, and minor skin irritation, which typically subside within a few days. Hyperpigmentation is rare with microneedling. Laser treatments, especially ablative ones, may have a higher risk of side effects such as redness, swelling, blistering and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, particularly in individuals with darker skin tones.

4. Long-term results

Both microneedling and laser treatments can yield impressive results, but the longevity of those results can vary. Microneedling often requires a series of treatments spaced several weeks apart to achieve optimal results. Maintenance sessions may also be necessary. Laser treatments can provide more immediate results and may require fewer sessions overall, but the longevity of the results may also depend on the specific laser used and the individual’s skincare habits.


Microneedling and laser treatments are two powerful contenders when it comes to achieving rejuvenated skin. The choice between them ultimately depends on specific skincare concerns, pain tolerance, downtime availability, and skin type. Consulting with a qualified dermatologist or skincare professional is crucial to determine which treatment is right for you.

Whether you opt for microneedling or laser treatments at APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic, rest assured that you are in capable hands. Our state-of-the-art facilities and commitment to safety and effectiveness ensure you achieve the desired results while minimising any potential side effects or downtime. Visit our Hougang aesthetic clinic at Kovan MRT station or our Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic at Bukit Panjang MRT. Contact us today for more information!

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5 Factors To Consider When Choosing An Aesthetics Clinic

5 Factors To Consider When Choosing An Aesthetics Clinic

When it comes to medical and aesthetic treatments, choosing a suitable aesthetics clinic is just as important as opting for the right procedure. From acne scar removal treatments to comprehensive skin surgery procedures, you must find a clinic that can handle all your needs with utmost care and experience. However, with countless aesthetics clinic options, choosing a clinic that can meet all your needs might be easier said than done.

If you’re having trouble finding the perfect clinic for your next treatment, read on as we explore five factors to consider when choosing an aesthetics clinic.

1. Experience and qualifications

When choosing an aesthetics or skin specialist clinic, the first step is to review your potential clinic’s staff experience and qualifications. Although non-surgical aesthetic procedures do not necessarily require surgery, they still require the hands of a skilled and trained medical professional. Look for clinics that employ licensed medical professionals and have attained notable awards and qualifications. These clinics have the necessary training and qualifications in the treatments they provide.

2. Variety of service

Once you’ve confirmed the clinic’s staff experience and qualifications, assessing the variety of services they offer is essential. A reputable aesthetics clinic should provide a comprehensive range of treatments to cater to diverse patient needs. Whether you’re seeking facial rejuvenation, hyperhidrosis treatment, or specialised skincare solutions, the clinic should have a menu of options to address your concerns.

Having a plethora of services under one roof is not only convenient but also indicative of a clinic’s commitment to staying updated with the latest advancements in the field. It demonstrates their dedication to meeting the evolving needs and desires of their patients.

3. Location

Location is another crucial factor to consider when selecting an aesthetics clinic. Convenience matters, especially when you might require multiple visits for certain treatments or follow-up appointments. Opting for a conveniently located clinic can save you time and reduce the stress associated with long commutes. If you prioritise flexibility, consider choosing a clinic with several branches in different areas.

Although convenience is important, it should not be the sole deciding factor. The clinic’s quality and staff competence should always take precedence over location. The key to making an informed decision is to strike a balance between location and quality.

4. Cost

Cost is undeniably a significant factor in choosing an aesthetics clinic. Different clinics may have varying pricing structures for similar treatments. It is important to understand the costs involved, such as consultation fees, treatment charges, and potential follow-up payments.

Cost concerns are one of the top reasons why adults do not seek acne treatment. Although choosing the cheapest alternative or relying on home remedies may be tempting, keep in mind that quality and safety should always be your primary priority. Be cautious of clinics offering significantly lower prices than the industry average, as this could indicate subpar equipment, products, or inexperienced staff. Balance your budget considerations with the assurance of receiving high-quality care.

5. Consultation

Last but not least, plan consultations with the clinics you’re considering before making your final selection. A consultation allows you to meet with skincare professionals to discuss your concerns and gain a better understanding of your potential treatment plan. Consider the staff’s communication style, abilities to respond to your queries, and willingness to address your concerns.

During the consultation, ask to see before-and-after photos of previous patients who have undergone similar procedures. This visual evidence can give you a realistic expectation of the potential outcomes. Additionally, inquire about the clinic’s post-procedure care and support. A reputable clinic should be committed to your well-being throughout the entire process, from initial consultation to recovery.


As you review your options for the ideal aesthetics clinic, remember that your choice should align with your needs and expectations. Through thorough research and considering the factors listed above, you can confidently make a decision that not only ensures safe and effective treatments but also leaves you feeling and looking your absolute best.

For those seeking a remarkable blend of expertise, convenience, and excellence in the field of aesthetics, APAX Medical and Aesthetics Clinic stands as a shining example. With our team of highly qualified professionals, a comprehensive range of services, strategically located branches, and a commitment to patient-centred care, APAX Medical and Aesthetics Clinic emerges as a top-tier choice for your aesthetic journey. Start your journey today by visiting our Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic near Bukit Panjang MRT station or our Hougang aesthetic clinic near Kovan MRT station. Do not hesitate to contact us today for more details.

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Get in touch with us with any questions, pricing, or bookings.

Or give us a call at +65 6769 6007 | WhatsApp us +65 9855 3022

How To Identify And Prevent Early Signs Of Acne Scarring

How To Identify And Prevent Early Signs Of Acne Scarring

Dealing with acne can be frustrating and exhausting, often involving experimenting with various skincare products and investing a substantial amount of time and effort in searching for the ideal solution. One of the most concerning aspects for many individuals is the potential for acne scarring. Acne scars can linger long after the pimples have cleared up, leaving a lasting reminder of the skin’s battle with acne.

If you’re wondering how to spot and stop the early signs of acne scarring, read on as we delve into practical tips and guidance to help you maintain healthy, scar-free skin.

Understanding acne scarring

Before we delve into prevention and identification, it is crucial to understand what acne scarring is and how it develops. Acne scars can take various forms, including:

  • Ice Pick Scars: These are deep, narrow pits that resemble the marks left by an ice pick. They result from deep acne cysts or inflamed bumps.
  • Boxcar Scars: Boxcar scars are broad depressions with well-defined edges. They can give the skin a pitted appearance and often result from inflammatory acne.
  • Rolling Scars: These scars have a wave-like or undulating appearance and are caused by damage beneath the skin’s surface, leading to uneven texture.
  • Hypertrophic or Keloid Scars: Raised and thickened, hypertrophic scars occur when the body produces too much collagen during the healing process. They are more common in severe acne cases.

Early signs of acne scarring 

Recognising the early signs of acne scarring is crucial to prevent further damage. Here are some of the common indicators to look out for:

  • Dark spots: Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) can occur after acne, leaving dark spots on the skin. While not technically scars, they can worsen if not managed, leading to scarring.
  • Texture irregularities: Feeling a rough or bumpy texture in the area where acne previously occurred could be an early sign of scarring.
  • Persistent redness: If you notice that the redness from a pimple does not fade after the blemish has healed, it may be a sign of impending scarring.
  • Prolonged healing: Acne lesions that take an extended period to heal may leave behind scars.

Preventing acne scarring

Prevention is key when it comes to acne scarring. Here are effective strategies to help you avoid the development of scars:

  • Avoid picking and squeezing: Resist the urge to pop pimples or pick at your skin. Popping pimples causes oil, bacteria and debris to get onto your skin, leaving an open wound. This can lead to acne scarring as it interferes with your skin’s natural healing process.
  • Wear sunscreen: Always use sunscreen with at least SPF 30 to protect your skin from UV damage. Regularly applying sunscreen will make acne scars less noticeable as your skin is less likely to be subject to sun damage.
  • Topical treatments: Incorporate topical treatments containing ingredients like retinoids, alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), and salicylic acid into your skincare routine. Retinoids can help lighten hyperpigmented acne scars, while AHAs increase the rate of skin cell renewals, reducing scarring-related hyperpigmentation. Salicylic acid helps with reducing swelling and redness in the area.
  • Gentle skincare: Use a gentle, non-comedogenic cleanser and moisturiser to keep your skin clean and hydrated. Avoid harsh scrubs and abrasive exfoliants, which can worsen acne and damage the skin.
  • Hydration and nutrition: Drink plenty of water and maintain a balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, and antioxidants. Proper nutrition can support skin health and healing.
  • Professional treatments: For more severe acne or early scarring, consider seeking professional help from an acne treatment clinic in Singapore that can help provide solutions and treatment options to reduce the appearance of scars and improve your overall skin texture.


Acne scarring is a challenging skin condition to deal with. Understanding the early signs of acne scarring and implementing prevention strategies can significantly improve your acne scars while reducing the likelihood of lasting skin damage. APAX Medical & Aesthetics Clinic is your one-stop solution for your acne troubles. Our team of professionals are equipped with the necessary expertise to guide you on your acne scar removal journey.  Visit our Woodlands aesthetics medical clinic, conveniently located near Bukit Panjang MRT station, or our Hougang aesthetic clinic located near Kovan MRT station today to begin your journey!

Request a CallBack

Get in touch with us with any questions, pricing, or bookings.

Or give us a call at +65 6769 6007 | WhatsApp us +65 9855 3022