best epidermal cystic removal in singapore

Sebaceous Cyst

Sebaceous cyst are very common lumps that develop underneath the skin. They are harmless in most cases, but can get infected and inflammed under certain conditions. Cyst removal surgery to remove the capsule and the cystic contents is curative. Punch excision is a excellent technique to remove the cyst leaving smaller scars and faster healing times.

sebaceous cyst removal surgery

About Sebaceous Cyst

The Sebaceous Cyst (aka epidermoid cyst, epidermoid inclusion cyst, infundibular cyst) is one the most common skin cyst seen in our daily practice. It commonly occurs on the face, scalp, body but can grow just about anywhere. Although twice in common in men, the sebaceous cyst tends to be more apparent as we get older. It is a harmless skin cyst, and does not have a risk of cancer transformation. Cyst removal surgery is the definitive way of removing the capsule and its contents completely.

The sebaceous cyst develops as the result of the elements of the epidermis (the top layer of the skin) growing within the dermis (the deeper layer of the skin). There are several reasons why a sebaceous cyst develops, but the exact mechanism remains unknown. Blocked pores, skin injury, infection and even sun exposure are cited a potential factors contributing to cyst formation.

You know that you have a sebaceous cyst when you feel a lump underneath your skin, and see an opening (technically called a punctum). This opening looks like a black dot, and you may even express cheesy smelly substance if you press onto your cyst. This is because the cyst is encased in a sac that is lined by skin cells actively producing macerated keratin (wet skin cells).

Steatocystoma Multiplex

Steatocystoma Multiplex is considered a rare skin condition. In affected individuals, multiple cysts start appearing during the adolescent stage. While the condition may run in families, it may also occur out of nowhere. It is suspected that the condition arises due to a genetic mutation in a gene controlling certain skin elements. 

The size of individual cysts in affected individuals with steatocystoma multiplex may range from 3mm to over 3cm. These skin cysts can number from a dozen to almost a hundred, and are commonly distributed on the face, chest, back and arms.

While this condition is benign, most individuals may prefer removal of some cyst in cosmetically apparent areas such as the face. A modified incisional technique to remove the cysts that we have developed leads to  better cosmetic effect, faster healing times and with minimal chance of recurrence. Learn more here.

sebaceous cyst removal surgery in singapore

Know when to seek Help

While most cyst can be left alone as it is harmless. On occasion the cyst may rupture or get inflammed resulting in pain, swelling, redness and even pus formation. When this happens, there is inflammation to the surrounding skin, and this causes great disomfort. You need to see a doctor when your cyst becomes painful because you may need treatment in the form of either oral antibiotics, or a surgical drainage if there is lots of pus.

A punch bx

Cyst Removal Surgery

As the sebaceous cyst resides deeper into the skin, lined by a sac of skin cells, taking antibiotics and regular pressing of the cyst contents are not curative. Cyst removal surgery is the preferred method to remove the cystic contents, the cystic sac and the overlying punctum. Most cyst removal surgery can be done under local anaesthesia. The overlying skin and cyst are carefully removed, ensuring that no fragments are left behind.

A minimal excision technique for cyst removal surgery makes use of an instrument known as a punch biopsy tool (see picture). The punch biopsy tool is entered into the skin over the opening of the cyst, and subsequently the cyst contents and cystic sac are then dissected out. This procedure gives a good cosmetic outcome, a smaller scar and faster healing time.

Sebaceous cyst removal in Singapore

Cyst Removal Surgery Methods:

  1. Simple Excision Biopsy
  2. Punch Excision
  3. Incision & Drainage (for cyst filled with pus)
  4. Minimal Incision Surgery
Dr Moses Ng dermatologist
Dr. Moses Ng

~My Insight~

Cyst Removal Surgery

Cyst removal surgery is one of the most common procedures I undertake. When I examine an epidermal cyst for the first time, I want to check for signs of inflammation. Any redness, swelling, and pain may mean an underlying infection, and should be treated either with antibiotics or an Incision & Drainage procedure if pus is present. Once the inflammation has subsided, we can plan to remove the cyst completely. An approach with minimal trauma to the skin and with the smallest excision will speed up healing and offer the best cosmetic result.  I like to plan my skin incisions along the relaxed skin tension lines, our natural skin lines, which helps to conceal the scars. Cyst removal is a process where meticulous care needs to be taken to remove the cystic wall and its contents completely.

Dr. Moses Ng

Where can I get more information:

  • Cutaneous cysts and pseudocysts, DermNet NZ. Click here.
  • Epidermal Inclusion Cyst, Medscape Resource. Click here.

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Related Information:

References:

  1. Suliman MT. Excision of epidermoid (sebaceous) cyst: description of the operative technique. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005 Dec. 116(7):2042-3.
  2. Lieblich LM, Geronemus RG, Gibbs RC. Use of a biopsy punch for removal of epithelial cysts. J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 1982 Dec. 8(12):1059-62.
  3. Zuber TJ. Minimal excision technique for epidermoid (sebaceous) cysts. Am Fam Physician. 2002 Apr 1. 65(7):1409-12, 1417-8, 1420.